Voters are not informed. However, the Miracle of Aggregation says that if voters are not informed, it does not matter, and that the errors will just cancel each other out. Professor Caplan says the Miracle of Aggregation is wrong and that being informed matters. Then, how come voters are not being informed? According to Caplan, voters are not being informed not because of ignorance, but because of irrationality. I think he means that because there is no real good reason why voters are not being informed.
Professor Casey says that the idea of political representation is an empty one. How, you ask? Simple. A representative of a whole state cannot speak for all of the people, because all of the people may have different opinions. For example, let’s say that you have to represent two families of 7 . They are paying you to represent what they both think. You have to tell the State Senate their beliefs. However, the first family believes that the Senate should fix their state problems by using a technique. On the other hand, the other family totally disagrees with the first family’s idea, and says that the State Senate should just not fix any problems. What do you do? Just imagine what it would be like if you had to represent thousands of people…
P.S. This was the last essay for Government 1B. Happy Summer on the way!!! YAY!